Rainwater is more important than gold or Oil. Yet we let it run into gutters and sewers.Every day you see… desperate calls to save TAP water, Calls like
World is running out of Water or to, “drop a brick in your toilet flush tank” or, “To save water, You have to pee in the shower” or, “use bath water in the garden” or, to “to turn off the faucet while shaving or brushing your teeth”
or, to “wash full loads, instead of half loads” or, to “take shorter showers and never more than 5 minutes”. And “Next war will happen for water”.
Are these calls a little desperate? When billions of liters of rain water gets wasted daily! Then on the other hand children are taught in school to dislike rain by programming their minds with songs like, “rain rain go away, come again another day, little Johnny wants to play”
Why little Johnny cannot play in rain? Kids usually love to play in rain, then why does not little Johhny like rain?
The slogans like “Rain Rain go away”, and “save tap water” is not by error or mistake. It is a type of mind control where the importance of rainwater is taken out of a child’s thought process. Why are there any calls to save rainwater?
When we don’t save rainwater the water table falls, and when the water table falls there will be lesser vegetation and lesser animals.
Lesser vegetation will lead to greater soil erosion. This eroded soil will end up in underground water tanks, aquifers and rivers. This will reduce the underground water holding capacity and lead to fall in water table, which will result in less water in wells. During such a situation agriculture will become expensive and farmers will have to leave farming and move to the cities in search for other work. Then the cost of food will increase. Lesser farmers will result lesser agriculture and cattle rearing. Both of this will lead to reduce vegetation and lesser number of animals. And the cycle will continue making the situation more and more serious than the year before.
This dangerous cycle can be reversed completely. To reverse it we have to:
1. Harvest rainwater
2. Carry out organic farming (where no chemicals will be used and only heirloom seed variety will be used) and neither should there be any use of hi-breed seeds and
3. Use of organic farm animals. Organic animals mean avoiding cross-bred animals. Only local animals should be used. Animals outside the subcontinent should never be used at all. The entire idea is to create sustainable food cycle which should include sustainable water usage by crops, animals and humans.
The above 3 will lead to less soil erosion and thus there will be less sedimentation in underground tanks. The earlier sedimentation will in time make way for clean rock by the action of running water. Now more water will get collected in underground tanks, and there will be a rise in the water table. This will lead to more water in ground wells and the cost of organic agriculture can become zero. When the financial burden in farming reduces more people from the cities will get into agriculture. As more people start farming the cost of food will fall and more land will go under cultivation. There will be less water evaporation and soil and the cycle will repeat making the situation more and more pleasant.
But at the same time we must remember Rain is not the source of water on earth. Rain is just the pipeline. SEA is the only source Of water on earth. This sea water gets desalinated and falls as rain. Just like Sun desalinates Sea water… at zero cost, The same process can be recreated by us at Zero cost! And because of the fact that 70% of earth is made up of water. Earth CAN never ever run out of water! Or as long as there is suns heat to evaporate sea water.
To hide this fact we are programmed to think that RAIN IS THE ONLY SOURCE OF WATER ON EARTH. And farmers are made to think without rain they are completely helpless.
Nature has provide us with sea water, which is a thousand times more than the people of the entire world will ever need. It is for us to desalinate and use. But instead of making zero cost desalination process, we are more interested to study whether there is water on the moon.
So how does India stand with the availability of water?
Does India get sufficient water? Or is India a water scarce nation?
The fact is that the Northern part of India gets water throughout the year from the melting snow in the Himalayas.
The Southern part of India gets rain from Southern monsoon winds.
And the North East gets rain from the eastern monsoon winds.
The truth is India gets some of the highest rainfall anywhere on earth!
India also has the 10th longest coast line in the world other than island countries. Which means desalination of sea water is a very easy, and big opportunity in India.
India gets 50% of its water from Snow and 50% from Rain
The water Ganges puts out into the sea is huge. It has the Worlds 3rd highest fresh water discharge rate into the sea! Not only the Ganges but there are many such rivers, almost as big as Ganges in India created by nature daily from melting snow, like Yamuna, Brahmaputra, Betwa, Gomti, Alkananda, Bhageerathi, Ghaghara, Son, Gandak, etc.
Due to this India has the highest PERCENTAGE of fresh water to land area in the world. 10% of India is covered with fresh water
Due to these factors India can never experience drought (except, of course, in the rain shadow area of India).
Rain shadow is a dry area on the leeward side (away from the wind)Of a mountainous Area. Places like Marathwada, Vidharba, Telengana, Dharwar, Gadag, Haveri, Vijaypura, Belgaum and Bagalkot and areas of Tamil Nadu fall in the rain shadow area of India. These areas experience drought like conditions every single year.
What has to be noted is that where ever the water table falls that area becomes impoverished and people become unemployed. The daily routine that is life is broken. For 6 to 9 months of the year life of people dependent on agriculture is very hard in these places.
This is strange because on one hand India receives some of the highest rainfall in the world and India also has some of the most beautiful and highest number of water harvesting structures anywhere in the world. Each one of them is as beautiful as the Taj Mahal. But unfortunately, unlike the Taj Mahal each one of them lies in ruins. Sadly many Indians today do not even know what these structures do? Or how it functions? (click image for higher resolution image)
We had beautifully built indoor-water-tanks in the central courtyard, right in the middle of the house (click image for higher resolution image).
These served as central cooling device to bring down the ambient temperature, swimming pool and a fish tank.But unfortunately today people do not understand why these structures were built inside the house.
Why did India stop building such gigantic tanks to save RAINWATER? n both flooding areas and dry areas?
We will have to go through history to understand this!
History: During the 200 years of British Raj, the British stopped the construction of these Water Harvesting Structures. All aid to Agriculture was stopped. British, destroyed and taxed Indian
Agriculture into oblivion! In 200 years India went from the granary that fed the world into one of the poorest countries in the world.
The Indian “Holocaust”!!!
In a country that monsoon never fails… and a country that is crisscrossed by not 1, not 2, not 5, but… by 14 huge rivers… a country with 3000 huge rainwater harvesting structures and… Rainwater harvesting Tanks in every traditional house, temples and mosque. The idea was to create famine to decrease population and un-employment. To get Indians to join the British army. To get Indians as laborers, In Railway, Forest, Police & Administrative departments so they can help the British to exploit & harass fellow Indians. It is a sad tragedy that the British Rule continues even today 70 years after Independence! Using the exact same British laws word for word and rule for rule. Even today these offices are the most sought after avenues of employment for the educated youth of the country.
Subsides are given to favour multinational companies who benefit from the farmer buying their products… but no lasting work is done in water harvesting. People working on their own like Nana Patekar with Nam foundation and Aamir Khan with Paani foundation have in 1 year far surpassed the total government work done since 70 years of Independence on rainwater harvesting.
Which is proof that the government is not interested nor has it not bothered to build huge water harvesting tank as a permanent solution to water problems in India . Today nobody saves rainwater in INDIA! Neither in the cities, Nor in the villages and Least of all by people living in the rain shadow areas.
How does Rainwater function. After falling on the earth, these drops of water gets pulled down by gravity to underground aquifers. They collect in these aquifers forming streams of underground water at two layers. The first type of aquifers are tapped into by ground well and the second is tapped into by bore wells or overflowing wells.
Rain can be captured in a tank as small in size as a bathing tub. Or in a tank as large as a football field…10 floors deep!
Just like we were taught to “hate” rains, We are also taught to kill “Pests” that help in rainwater harvesting. Things like termites, dung beetle, ants, earth-burrowing earthworms, rats and snakes all help in rainwater harvesting.
We are even tutored to use the wrong kind of earthworm. This is still being taught, In Indian Agriculture Institutes, to use VERMICULTURE – earthworms which are surface feeders Instead of EARTH-BURROWING earthworms.
Earthworm plays a major role in rainwater harvesting. There are 3 types of earthworms:
Epigeic Earthworm is a surface crawler. It is the most inferior earthworm of the 3. It is a Litter dweller and does not burrow. It is mainly used for vermiculture.
Endogeic Earthworm is a Soil feeder and creates a network of horizontal, branching burrows.
Anecic Earthworm is the best rainwater harvesting earthworm. It is a fresh litter feeder and it digs deep vertical burrows as deep as two meters.
What happens if these insects are killed?
In places, gardens and farms where these insects have been killed by the use of chemical fertilizer the rain water do not enter the soil and do not reach the underground tanks.
Millions of liters of rainwater flows over the surface on to the roads. The sheer quantity of the rain water, which millions of earthworms handled with ease, today overwhelm the infrastructure and drainage systems resulting in floods.
Now on one hand you have parched land in summer and floods in winter. In summer the water table falls 900feet below ground and on the other hand during monsoon there are floods. This is becoming a big problem not only in India but also in other countries. Many are wrongly attributing the effects of harmful green (poison) revolution or chemical farming to “Climate Change” and “global warming”.
Please stop begging, fasting and protesting government to help farmers because the politicians what the farmer to be dependent on them. The Politicians do not want the farmer to be independent.
A farmer without a pond is not a farmer. Each farmer should have a pond the size of which is 10% of the farm. The least a farm could have is a pond that has a surface area of 2000 square feet and depth of 5feet. This pond should not use any type of plastic lining because the rainwater will not go down into the ground. On the 1st shower you will get 10,000 cubic feet of water but that will be all that you will be collecting in the 3 months of rain. But without any lining the rain water will sink down within a few hours of the rain. This cycle repeats every day and by the end of the monsoon the pond will stay fuller for a longer time and each day you might be able to collect underground at least 5,000 cubic feet of water.
You could use this tank to grow freshwater fish. The best one is Pearl Spot fish because it is one of the few fishes which can live in both salt and freshwater if you slowly increase or decrease the salinity of water over a small period of time. This fish is one of the easiest to farm in India because it is difficult to genetically modify this fish and it reproduces in large numbers. It is good in taste and has a very high demand especially in Kerala.
In cities: It is good to use interlock paving instead of cement or tar paved footpaths because the water can pass through the interlock bricks but not through Asphalt and cement.
Every building & house should channel rooftop rainwater cloth-filtered and sent directly into borewell.
Farmers: Most farms in India have a minimum of 1ground-well which is dry for most of the year. This can be used as the “Tank” where the rain water can be stored. He can channel the water from his roof into the ground-well effortlessly because the ground-well is always near the house. A simple method of using cloth to filter the water will be sufficient. But even that is not necessary because the rain water entering the well from its side wall will be similar in nature. If necessary multiple filters can be used at various stages of the overhead pipes but can also be avoided.
If everybody in the village does it then by next monsoon there will be enough water in the well to last for a years together because each year it the ground water table will keep on rising.
By channeling cloth filtered rainwater directly into a Well. Each 1,000square feet house can save 22,500 ltrs of rain water DAILY!!!